The Evolution of Mauritian Architecture: A Journey through Time and Style

Category: About Mauritius

A Journey Through the Evolution of Mauritian Architecture


Mauritius, a tiny island in the Indian Ocean, is home to a wealth of historic buildings that are symbolic of the island's many cultures. Various settlers over the centuries have left their mark on the island's architecture, resulting in a kaleidoscope of styles. From its humble beginnings to the cutting-edge structures that define modern-day Mauritius, this article traces the history of Mauritian architecture.

Native Mauritius Period Architecture

Before European colonisation, the indigenous people of Mauritius lived in simple huts constructed from bamboo, palm leaves, and straw. There aren't many relics of the island's earliest architecture, but what we can see reveals a people who were innovative and resourceful.

The Sway of Europe

Mauritian buildings first began to incorporate European design elements after the arrival of the Dutch in the late 16th century. During their brief rule, the Dutch erected forts and constructed homes in the local style using materials at hand.

Historic Plantation Homes from the French Colonial Era

Plantation-style buildings became common on Mauritius after the French colonised the island in the early eighteenth century. The wooden plantation homes, known as "Maisons Créoles," featured high ceilings and spacious verandas. The French aesthetic was on full display, and the island's hot and humid climate was mitigated with these design choices.

Spaces Open to the Public

Churches, government buildings, and educational institutions were all built by the French. The colonial power's influence can be seen in the stone walls and ornate, European-style design elements common to these buildings in Mauritius.

Victorian-Era Buildings From The British Empire

The British colonized Mauritius in 1810, and their era's architectural styles were quickly adopted. Intricate cast-iron balustrades, decorative cornices, and stained-glass windows were common architectural features of buildings from this time period.

The Role of India

Many indentured Indian workers were brought to Mauritius by the British to tend the sugar cane fields during the colonial era. That's why you start seeing some Indian influences on the island's architecture. The Maheswarnath Temple in Triolet is a stunning example of the exquisite craftsmanship and deep cultural roots of India's Hindu community.

Post-Independence Modern Architecture in Mauritius

As a result of its newfound freedom in 1968, Mauritius has seen explosive urbanization and economic development since then. During this time, a new type of architecture, influenced by many different cultures and built with both imported and indigenous materials, emerged in Mauritius. As the island's population and tourism industry grew, concrete, steel, and glass became popular building materials.

Artistic Creations of the Present Day

Sustainable design principles and buildings that pay homage to Mauritius's rich cultural history have been at the forefront of the architectural revolution in recent years. Modern structures on the island of Mauritius, such as eco-friendly resorts and forward-thinking public spaces, look to the future while also paying homage to the island's long and distinguished architectural tradition.


The architecture of Mauritius exemplifies the island's rich cultural heritage and its capacity for change. Mauritian architecture provides a fascinating and one-of-a-kind look back in time thanks to its fusion of European, African, Indian, and modern design principles.


What is the main architectural style of Mauritius?

A: Mauritius is a small island in the Indian Ocean with a rich architectural history that reflects its diverse cultural heritage. The island's architecture is a melting pot of styles, as it has been influenced by various settlers over the centuries. Mauritius does not have a single dominant architectural style, but instead, it showcases a blend of various styles influenced by its diverse cultural heritage.

The early architecture of Mauritius was influenced by the indigenous people who lived in simple huts made from local materials such as bamboo, palm leaves, and straw. Later on, the island was colonised by the Dutch, French, and British, who each left their mark on Mauritian architecture.

During the French colonial period, the French introduced plantation-style architecture, which featured wooden construction, high ceilings, and large verandas. They also constructed public buildings, such as churches and government offices, which incorporated European-style design elements.

When the British took control of Mauritius, they brought with them the architectural styles of the Victorian era. Buildings from this period often featured ornate designs, with intricate cast-iron balustrades, decorative cornices, and stained-glass windows.

During the British colonial period, a significant number of Indian indentured laborers were brought to Mauritius to work on the sugar plantations. As a result, Indian architectural styles began to emerge on the island. The construction of Hindu temples, such as the Maheswarnath Temple in Triolet, showcases the beautiful craftsmanship and rich cultural heritage of the Indian community.

In recent years, modern Mauritian architecture has continued to evolve, with many architects embracing sustainable design principles and creating structures that celebrate the island's unique cultural heritage. From eco-friendly resorts to innovative public spaces, contemporary Mauritian architecture offers a glimpse into the future while paying homage to the island's rich architectural history.

How did the French colonial period influence Mauritian architecture?

A: The French colonisation of Mauritius in the early 18th century marked a significant shift in the island's architectural style. During the French colonial period, the French introduced plantation-style architecture, which featured wooden construction, high ceilings, and large verandas. These features not only showcased the French aesthetic but also served to cope with the island's hot and humid climate.

The French also constructed several public buildings, such as churches, government offices, and schools. These structures often featured stone walls and intricate, European-style design elements, reflecting the colonial power's influence on Mauritian architecture.

One of the most famous examples of French colonial architecture in Mauritius is the Chateau de Labourdonnais. This 19th-century mansion is characterised by its elegant French design and lush tropical gardens, and it remains a popular tourist attraction to this day.

What is a 'Maison Créole'?

A: A 'Maison Créole' is a traditional plantation house in Mauritius, characterised by its wooden construction, high ceilings, and large verandas. These houses were built during the French colonial period and were designed to cope with the island's hot and humid climate.

Maison Créoles were typically built from local materials such as timber, bamboo, and thatch. They often featured high-pitched roofs and wide verandas, which provided shade and ventilation in the tropical climate.

Today, many of these traditional houses have been restored and transformed into guesthouses or museums, allowing visitors to experience a glimpse of Mauritius' colonial past.

How did the British colonial period impact Mauritian architecture?

A: The British colonisation of Mauritius in 1810 marked another significant shift in the island's architectural style. During the British colonial period, buildings from this period often featured ornate designs, with intricate

cast-iron balustrades; decorative cornices, and stained-glass windows. The British brought Victorian architectural styles to Mauritius, which were prevalent in their construction of public buildings, such as courthouses, prisons, and churches.

The arrival of Indian indentured labourers during the British colonial period also led to the emergence of Indian architectural styles, including the construction of Hindu temples. The Maheswarnath Temple in Triolet is one such example, which reflects the Indian community's rich cultural heritage and architectural traditions.

The British also made significant changes to the island's infrastructure during their occupation. They constructed railways, bridges, and harbours, which facilitated the movement of goods and people across the island. These new developments had a significant impact on the island's urbanisation and architecture.

What defines modern Mauritian architecture?

A: Modern Mauritian architecture is characterised by a blend of international styles and local materials, with a focus on functionality and sustainability. Architects seek to create structures that cater to the island's growing population and tourism industry, using contemporary designs that incorporate eco-friendly and energy-efficient elements.

Modern Mauritian architecture utilises a variety of materials, including concrete, steel, and glass, to create functional spaces that meet the island's diverse needs. Sustainable design principles are also increasingly prevalent, with architects incorporating features such as solar panels, green roofs, and rainwater harvesting systems to reduce their buildings' environmental impact.

Contemporary designs also pay homage to Mauritius' rich architectural history, with many new buildings incorporating traditional elements such as high-pitched roofs, verandas, and louvred windows. The Four Seasons Resort Mauritius at Anahita is an example of modern Mauritian architecture that reflects the island's unique cultural heritage while incorporating contemporary design elements.

In conclusion, the architecture of Mauritius is a testament to the island's diverse cultural influences and its ability to adapt to changing circumstances. From the simple huts of the indigenous people to the grand colonial mansions of the French and British, to the modern and sustainable designs of today, Mauritian architecture offers a unique and fascinating journey through time and style.

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